The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit a PhD Graduate Fellow to undertake research on Taenia solium control in small holder pig value chains in East Africa through an ex-ante impact assessment. The fellowship is hosted under ILRI’s One Health Research, Education and Outreach Center in Africa (OHRECA), Neglected Zoonoses theme.
The zoonotic tapeworm Taenia solium, as the aetiological agent of neurocysticercosis, is the leading cause of acquired epilepsy in endemic counties and has been estimated to have the greatest global burden of any foodborne parasite. The parasite has been identified as a target for control in the ‘Roadmap for Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases’ and the World Health Assembly (WHA) resolution 66.12. We are ‘tool ready’ for successful control and the efficacy of a ‘One Health’ approach to control, combining interventions in the human and porcine hosts have been demonstrated through modelling approaches and within several large scale trials, including randomised control trials. Despite this success, we are still lacking robust evidence for the long-term effectiveness of interventions and to demonstrate that they are cost-effective, locally acceptable, sustainable and scalable. We also require a greater understanding of the wider societal implications of these control programs regarding the impact on other foodborne hazards & neglected tropical diseases (specifically Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminths) and on the productivity, profitability & equity of the pig production enterprises.
To date, models and intervention trials have demonstrated the need for targeting the parasite in the human and porcine host in order to achieve significant levels of control. Full engagement of pig farmers, including providing them with the responsibility and agency to deliver a safe and quality product to market, has not yet been considered in many T. solium interventions and without appropriate economic incentives farmers have demonstrated a lack of willingness to pay for the, highly effective, T. solium vaccine (TSOL18). Combining a T. solium specific intervention with a context-appropriate vaccination for production limiting disease was demonstrated to be cost-effective in Laos PDR and strengthening the meat inspection capacity to create a dis-incentive for farmers to present T. solium infected pigs to slaughter is hypothesised to have a positive benefit-cost ratio for farmers to take up a vaccine-oxfendazole intervention at their own cost.
Uganda has one of the largest pig populations in East Africa. The North-east of the country appears to be a high-risk area for T. solium transmission and studies have demonstrated neurocysticercosis in people with epilepsy in this region. This project will model different intervention options to determine the economic impact from the perspective of a range of different stakeholders to inform control programmes going forward.
Project Title: Taenia solium control in smallholder pig value chains in East-Africa – An ex-ante impact assessment.
The key responsibilities for this PhD fellowship are:
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works for better lives through livestock in developing countries. ILRI is co-hosted by Kenya and Ethiopia, has 14 offices across Asia and Africa, employs some 700 staff and has an annual operating budget of about USD80 million. ILRI is a CGIAR research centre, a global research partnership for a food-secure future. CGIAR science is dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources and ecosystem services. Its research is carried out by 15 CGIAR centres in close collaboration with hundred...... read more
ILRI will offer a monthly stipend to cover living expenses in the project location, medical insurance, research expenses and university fees. The successful applicant will be expected to register at the University of Liverpool.
All applications MUST include the following (applications not containing these documents will not be considered):
Applications must be submitted through our recruitment portal http://ilri.simplicant.com/ on or before 15 May 2021.
Due to the volume of applications, only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.
ILRI does not charge a fee at any stage of the recruitment process (application, interview meeting, processing or training). ILRI also does not concern itself with information on applicants’ bank accounts.
To find out more about ILRI visit http://www.ilri.org
For more details, visit ILRI website.